Updates to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) Policy Manual Volume Nine, regarding Waivers, were published October 21, 2016, effective December 5, 2016. In the updates, the evidence standard for certain compelling arguments has been lowered and useful guidance on what USCIS is looking for in extreme hardship cases has been provided, but the extreme hardship standard has not been substantially changed. The bulk of the updates are a mere clarification of existing policy. While some optimistically view the clarifications as an easing of the standard, the opposite is equally as possible; the standard may well have just become stricter. Whether the standard is looser or stricter, the difference is marginal either way.